Useful information about Turkey
Location: Turkey is a transcontinental country, located mostly on Anatolia in Western Asia and on East Thrace in South-Eastern Europe.
Major cities: Ankara is the capital of Turkey, while Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir are the 3 major cities. Meantime Antalya is the tourism capital due to its long beaches.
Climate: Turkey is a unique country that you can feel four different seasons at the same time… The Aegean and the Mediterranean coasts of the country have a temperate climate, with temperatures generally above 30 °C (86 °F) in the summer days. The Black Sea coasts of the country have a temperate climate with warm, wet summers and cool, wet winters. Central Anatolian part of Turkey have a continental climate with severe winters that snow lies on the ground at least 120 days of the year.
Payment options: Major credit cards (Visa, Master, etc.) are accepted in big cities however you may need to carry some cash with you. US Dollars and Euros are widely accepted, so you can easily exchange money.
Drinking water: The city water is chlorinated for sanitation reasons, so it is safe but does not taste well. Therefore it can be used for brushing teeth or rinsing month but drinking. Besides bottled water (still water) is very cheap in Turkey and is guaranteed safe. Additionally, if you want to get sparkling water, you have to ask for mineral water.
Smoking & Drinking: It is legal to smoke and drink alcohol in Turkey but it is not legal to sell them to the ones under 18 years old. So if you are above 18 years old, you can easily find cigarettes in markets. Smoking is not permitted only in flights, tour busses, public transportation, and indoor public places. Also, there is no restriction on the use of alcohol in Turkey for the ones above 18 years old.
Electricity: Turkey operates on 220 volts, 50 Hz, with round-prong European-style plugs that fit into recessed wall sockets. Only some of the five stars properties would offer converters to their customers. It is favourable for you to bring your own converter with you.
Public transportation: Public busses, trains, subway trains, rapid-transit-buses (metrobus), sea busses, ferries, kind of shared taxis (minibus) and private taxis are used for city transportation in Turkey.
The phone code: The international country phone code of Turkey is +90.
To call Turkey, you will need to dial: International access code (+90), then city code, and then the number…
Basic Turkish phrases
We compiled are a few phrases you may like to use for your daily conversations in Turkey. But the pronunciation of Turkish words may be a little bit difficult; therefore this website may be very useful: http://www.forvo.com/languages/tr/
Thank you: Teşekkür ederim
Good morning: Günaydın
Good night: İyi geceler
See you: Görüşürüz
How are you?: Nasılsın?
I am fine: Ben iyiyim
How much does it cost?: Kaç para?
Where is …?: … nerede?
I don't know: Bilmiyorum
Excuse me: Özür dilerim
The ticket prices for some of the museums in Istanbul :
Hagia Sophia Museum: 60 TL
Topkapi Palace Museum: 60 TL
Topkapi Palace Harem Section: 35 TL
Chora Museum: 45 TL
Istanbul Archaeological Museums: 30 TL
Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts: 35 TL
Istanbul Mosaic Museum: 20 TL
Days the sights are closed in Istanbul
Hagia Sophia - Mondays
Topkapi Palace - Tuesdays
Dolmabahce Palace - Mondays - Thursdays
Beylerbeyi Palace - Mondays - Thursdays
Grand Bazaar - Sundays
Saint Savoirs Church in Chora - Wednesdays
Istanbul archeological museum - Mondays
Mosques - Closed during the 5 daily prayers
Working hours & holidays
Working hours in Turkey are between 09.00 a.m. to 05.00 p.m. from Mondays to Fridays. On the weekends and national holidays, banks and public enterprises are closed. On the first day of religious holidays in addition to the banks and public enterprises, all shops are closed as well.
National holidays are:
New Year’s Day - 1st of January
National Independence and Children Day - 23rd of April
Labour Day - 1st of May
Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day - 19th of May
Victory Day - 30th of August
Republic Day - 28th (half day) - 29th of October
Religious holidays are:
Since religious holidays are set by the Islamic calendar, dates of Islamic feasts shift each year. For 2019 the religious holidays are:
Ramadan Feast - 4th of June (half day) & 5th-6th-7th of June
Sacrifice Feast - 10st of August (half day) & 11st-12nd-13rd-14th of August